Wednesday, October 5, 2011

SULEIMAN MOUNTAINS RANGE (Baluchistan- Pakistan)

The Suleiman Mountains are located in Baluchistan, the largest province of Pakistan. Baluchistan is approximately 347,190 square kilometers. Baluchistan is a land of contrast. It has places with rugged mountains and plains stretching hundreds of miles.

Baluchistan is located on a plateau in the west of Suleiman and Khirthar mountain ranges. The Suleiman Mountains are a major geological feature of northern Baluchistan province of Pakistan. It is the bordering region between the Iranian Plateau and the Indian subcontinent.  Bordering the Suleiman Range to the north are the arid highlands of the Hindu Kush.

The Suleiman Mountain Ranges continue from south of Gomal River, lie between Baluchistan Plateau and the Indus Plains. On reaching the Murre-Bugti Hills, they turn northwarBaluchistand and extend up to Quetta. Quetta is situated at elevation of 1677 meters (5500 ft) above sea level. Quetta is one of the best known tourist resort and also provincial capital of Baluchistan. It is Pakistan’s only largest high-altitude major city, known as the "Fruit Garden of Pakistan".  The Suleiman mountain range is east of Quetta (Pakistan), overlooking the plain of the Indus river.  It is named Kowhai Suleiman. This mountain range is related to the Prophet of God, Hazrat Suleiman. Who climbed this mountain and looked out over the land of South Asia, which was then covered with darkness - but he turned back without descending into this new frontier, and left only the mountain which is named after him. Further south, Suleiman mountain range meets the Kirthar Mountains, which merge in to the Kohistan area of Sindh. The Suleiman Mountains rise to an average height of 600 m that decreases southward.

The highest peak of Suleiman Mountains is Takht-e-Suleiman which means Solomon’s Throne. The famous mountain peaks in the Suleiman range are Takht-e-Suleiman 3,483 meters (11,427 ft), Koh-i-Takatu 3,472 metres (11,391 ft), Kaisargarh 3,444 metres (11,299 ft), and Giandari. The mountain range enters in Punjab in Dera Ghazi Khan District and approaches the Indus River near in Rajanpur district.

Local inhabitants believe that Prophet Suleiman, by exercising his miraculous power, had confined those mischievous Jinns inside it who had refused to obey his command. The evil-spirited Jinns are supposed to remain imprisoned almost all the year, and in Safar, the second month of the Islamic calendar, they are allowed to go free for a while.

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